Homeostasia - Cuidados de Saúde, Osteopathy



The term osteopathy and the speciality principles were first announced by A.T. Still, in the U.S. in 1874. This term, which by a etymological point of view means "bone disease", caused some confusion because what he intended to prove was that if any change occurred in the musculoskeletal system, however small it may be, can cause a significant number of changes both locally and remotelly (empathy). He also pointed out the following:
  • There is a relationship of mutual dependence between structure and function
  • The human body works as a unit
  • The body has the ability of self-regulation.
The first course of osteopathy began with only 17 students in October of 1892 , at the American School of Osteopathy (ASO), in Kirsville, Missouri. Eight years later, in 1900, about 1,000 students attended this school.
Currently, there are 28 universities of Osteopathic Medicine in the U.S. California was the first state with a Osteopathic course, in 1901, and Nebraska was the last, in 1989. The expansion of osteopathic practice spread abroud and the first european school was founded in 1917, in London.
England was the first European country to regulate osteopathy, in 1993, making it a specialty autonomous and independent. This independence makes the British osteopaths rely purely on the General Osteopathic Council - GOsC. In other Commonwealth countries, the practice of osteopathy is regulated along with Chiropractic. South Africa in 2000, Australia in 2004 and New Zealand, also in 2004, are examples of this.
The European Federation of Osteopathy (FEO) was created in 1992, and is today the representative of all professional associations in European countries within the European Community. Since 1999, the practice of osteopathy was recognized as a profession by the Couseil Européen des Professions Libérales - CEPLIS.
The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to ensure the creation of a universal curriculum for osteopathy, which will not be an easy task given the vast difference between Americans, who mostly adopted a medical approach, and Europeans, who remained faithful to its principles. Some professionals from several countries (Australia, Latin American countries, Japan, U.S. and European countries), concerned with the profession direction, created in 2003 in Portugal, as an invitation from the Associação e Registo dos Osteopatas de Portugal (AROP), an association that aims to discuss and rethink a curriculum focused on the academic origins of osteopathy, restoring its emphasis on the manual approach, both from a diagnosis and treatment point of view.
After World War I, according to the North American Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the mortality rate of patients with "Spanish Flu" or "pneumonic" who resorted to conventional medicine was 2.5%, while the ones followed by osteopaths was less than 0.25%.

Osteopathy Specialists

  • José Leitão Henriques
  • Maria Josélia Monteiro
  • Helena Sousa e Holstein